Hronicul Si Cantecul Varstelor: A Memoir of Childhood by Lucian Blaga
Hronicul Si Cantecul Varstelor (Chronicle and Song of Ages) is a memoir of childhood by Lucian Blaga, one of the most influential Romanian philosophers, poets, dramatists, translators, journalists, professors and diplomats of the 20th century. The book was first published in 1965, four years after Blaga's death, and it covers his early years in the village of Lancram, near Sebes, in Transylvania.
The book consists of nine chapters, each describing a different aspect of Blaga's childhood experiences, such as his family, his friends, his school, his hobbies, his beliefs and his dreams. The book is written in a poetic and lyrical style, with rich metaphors and vivid images that evoke the rural atmosphere and the folk culture of Transylvania. Blaga also reflects on the meaning of life, death, love, art and spirituality in his memoir.
Hronicul Si Cantecul Varstelor is considered one of the most beautiful and authentic autobiographical works in Romanian literature. It reveals Blaga's personality and worldview, as well as his artistic and philosophical influences. The book is also a valuable source of information about the history and culture of Transylvania in the late 19th and early 20th century.
The book can be downloaded as a PDF file from various online sources[^1^] [^2^] [^3^]. However, it is recommended to read it in its original language or in a faithful translation, as some of the nuances and subtleties of Blaga's language may be lost in the digital format.
One of the most distinctive features of Blaga's philosophy is his theory of Luciferian knowledge, which he develops in his first trilogy, The Trilogy of Knowledge (1933-1934). According to Blaga, human knowledge is not only a passive reflection of reality, but also an active and creative projection of the human spirit. Luciferian knowledge is the name he gives to this creative and transcendent aspect of knowledge, which aims to reveal the mysteries of existence and to enrich the human experience. Blaga contrasts Luciferian knowledge with paradisiacal knowledge, which he associates with the mythical and religious consciousness that accepts reality as given and immutable.
Blaga's theory of Luciferian knowledge has important implications for his philosophy of culture, which he elaborates in his second trilogy, The Trilogy of Culture (1935-1937). Blaga argues that culture is the expression of a specific style of Luciferian knowledge that characterizes a certain historical and geographical area. He calls this style the horizon of culture, which consists of a set of unconscious factors that shape the way a people perceive and interpret reality. Blaga identifies several horizons of culture in the history of humanity, such as the Egyptian, the Greek, the Indian, the Chinese and the European. He also proposes a specific horizon for his own people, the Romanians, which he calls the Mioritic Space. This concept refers to the spiritual and existential attitude of the Romanians, influenced by their geographical location at the crossroads of different civilizations and by their historical destiny marked by suffering and resilience.
Blaga's philosophy of culture also includes a philosophy of history, a philosophy of science and a philosophy of art. He analyzes the factors that determine the rise and fall of civilizations, the development and limitations of scientific knowledge and the sources and forms of artistic expression. He also explores the relations between different cultures and their contributions to the universal human spirit. Blaga's philosophy of culture is an original and comprehensive attempt to understand the diversity and complexity of human creativity. ec8f644aee